Modal Auxiliaries

Bentuk dan Penggunaan Modal Auxiliaries

 

Modals adalah auxiliary verbs (kata kerja bantu). Secara umum modal auxiliaries digunakan untuk mengekspresikan  sikap atau suasana hati si pembicara. Contohnya, modal auxiliaries dapat mengekspresikan bahwa si pembicara merasakan bahwa sesuatu tersebut merupakan necessary (kebutuhan), advisable (baik untuk dilakukan), permissible (diizinkan/ diperbolehkan), atau possible (mungkin untuk dilakukan).

 

Bentuk Modal Auxiliaries Keterangan
Can

Could

Will

Would

May

Might

Must

Should

Shall

Ought to

Modals harus diikuti dengan kata kerja bentuk pertama (VERB 1). Tidak perlu menambahkan akhiran -s/-es walaupun Subject nya: He, She, It

 

Contoh:

He can fix this

She can fix this.

 

Pengecualian untuk modals: ought to, memang diikuti dengan infinitive “to” kemudian diikuti dengan kata kerja bentuk pertama (VERB 1).

Contoh: She ought to go to the market.

 

Similar Expression (Ekspresi Serupa) dari Modal Auxiliaries Keterangan
Can = be able to do it

Will = be going to do it

Should = be supposed to do it

Should = be to do it

Must = have to do it

Must = have got to do it

Daftar disamping adalah ekspresi serupa yang memiliki makna yang sama dengan pasangan modals-nya masing-masing.

 

Contoh:

be able to sama dengan can

be going to sama dengan will

 

infinitive (to + VERB 1) digunakan pada penggunaan Ekspresi serupa dari modal auxiliaries ini.

 

Fungsi dan Contoh Modal Auxiliaries

 

Modal Auxiliaries Fungsi
Can/ Could

(bisa/ dapat)

To ask for permission.

Contoh: Can/ Could I use your cell phone?

 

To express polite request.

Contoh: Could you get me some water, please?

 

To express ability to do something.

Contoh: I can speak English.

Will/ Would

(akan)

To express polite request.

Contoh: Will you buy me a candy, please?

 

To express intention.

Contoh: I will finish my work soon.

 

To express prediction.

Contoh: It will rain this afternoon.

Would To express more polite request

Contoh: Would you pass the book, please?

 

To express probability

Contoh: That would be his brother in front of my house.

May/ Might

(boleh/ mungkin)

To express more formal permission

Contoh: May I meet your wife, sir?

 

To express prohibition

Contoh: You may not smoke here.

 

To show possibility

Contoh: She may join the English Club.

 

To express wish

Contoh: May God bless you all the time.

Must/ Have to

(harus/ pasti)

To talk about necessity

Contoh: I must/ have to buy some foods for breakfast.

 

To express obligation

Contoh: They must/ have to obey the medical rules.

 

To express prohibition

Contoh: You must not eat in the office.

 

To express conclusion

Contoh: Brian got a bad score. He must be a lazy student.

Should (seharusnya) To express advice or suggestion

Contoh: You should go to the doctor.

Shall

(akan/ sebaiknya)

To express obligation

Contoh: The staff shall give the weather report every day.

 

CATATAN:

Kita tidak perlu menambahkan do atau don’t ketika menggunakan modals dalam kalimat tanya dan kalimat negatif, contohnya:

 

You must not talk in the exam.

Should we submit the task now?

 

Semoga artikel ini bisa dipahami dan membantu untuk belajar bahasa inggris, jika bermanfaat mohon di share. Mohon maaf jika ada kesalahan dalam pengetikan. Dan untuk segala jenis pertanyaan, saran, dan kritik bisa dicantumkan pada kolom komentar. Terima kasih.

 

Contoh Latihan soal :

  1. Your glass is empty. …. I get you some more fresh water?
    A. shall
    B. will
    C. can
    D. should
    E. Shall have
  2. We …. like to visit that new store some day.
    A. shall
    B. will
    C. can
    D. would
    E. Shall have
  3. You are sick, but you don’t come  hospital to see a doctor.
    You …. visit him soon.
    A. would
    B. could
    C. should
    D. will
    E, can
  4. “I really don’t know why Tony didn’t come to the meeting”.
    “There ….. something wrong with him.
    A. might be
    B. could be
    C. will be
    D. should have been
    E. must have been
  5. “Rini is old enough. She …. know better than the others about it.
  6. will
  7. could
  8. must
  9. may be
  10. can
  11. My motorcycle runs out of oil. I ….buy it because I will ride it to the meeting.
    A. should
    B. may
    C. can
    D. must
    E. might
  12. Yanti looks so pale and weak. He must be sick. The underlined sentence means:
    A. He has to be sick
    B. Maybe he is sick
    C. It’s possible that he is sick.
    D. He is rather sick
    E. I conclude that he is sick
  13. “I could have somebody else to carry the heavy bags” It means :
    A. I carried the heavy bags
    B  Somebody else carried the heavy bags for me
    C. I asked someone carry the heavy bags.
    D. I would carry the heavy bags myself.
    E. I didn’t want to carry the heavy bags.

 

Referensi :

http://bahasainggrisonlines.blogspot.com/2012/12/modal-auxiliaries.html

https://misriyantosma6.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/soal-modal-auxiliary/

 

 

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