Adjective & Adverb

Adjective (kata sifat) memberikan informasi tentang kata benda. Contoh:

  • She’s an excellent dancer.
  • I’ve got a new apartment.

Adverb (kata keterangan) merubah kata kerja, yakni kata keterangan menjelaskan bagaimana sesuatu dilakukan. Contoh:

– She learns quickly.
– You can speak English well.

Adjective (kata sifat)

Adjective bisa ditempatkan sebelum kata benda. Contoh:

  • This is a beautiful bird.
  • “This is a bird beautiful.” tidak benar.

Kata sifat memberikan informasi seperti ukuran (kecil, besar), bentuk (bulat, persegi), warna (kuning, hijau), kebangsaan (Cina, Polandia), dan opini (baik, buruk).

Adjective tidak mengalami perubahan yang tergantung pada jumlah (tunggal atau jamak). Contoh:

  • She has a cute puppy.
  • She has three cute puppies.

Perhatikan bahwa adjective (cute) tidak mengalami perubahan baik dalam bentuk tunggal (puppy) maupun jamak (puppies).

Adjective juga bisa ditempatkan setelah kata kerja tertentu seperti be, feel, look, dan taste. Contoh:

  • I’m really happy today.
  • She’s got a new job so she feels great.
  • You look wonderful!
  • This chicken tastes delicious.

. Noun (kata benda)
– The class is good                    = kelas itu bagus
– My books are thick                = buku saya tebal
– This is big building                  = ini adalah sebuah gedung yang besar

penjelasannya

good menerangkan clausa
thick menerangkan book
big     menerangkan building

b. Pronoun (kata benda)

– he is clever      =  ia pandai
– she is beatiful   =  ia cantik
– they are diligent   =  mereka rajin

penjelasannya

clever  menerangkan he

beautiful menerangkan she

diligent menerangkan   they

Adverb (kata keterangan)

Adverb sering dibentuk dengan menambahkan –ly di belakang adjective. Contoh:

  • quick (adjective) – He’s quick at learning new things.
  • quickly (adverb) – He learns quickly.
  • bad (adjective) – He didn’t get a bad test score.
  • badly (adverb) – He didn’t do badly in his test.

Untuk adverb yang terbentuk dari adjective yang berakhiran dengan huruf “-y” ganti “-y” dengan “-i” dan tambahkan “-ly“. Contoh:

  • easy (adjective) – He thinks math is easy.
  • easily (adverb) – He can do math easily.
  • happy (adjective) – He’s a happy man.
  • happily (adverb) – He works happily every day.

Untuk adverb yang terbentuk dari adjective yang berakhiran dengan huruf “-le” ganti “-le” dengan “-ly“. Contoh:

  • simple (adjective) – The teacher makes difficult things simple.
  • simply (adverb) – He teaches simply and clearly.

Beberapa adverb sama dengan adjective. Contoh:

  • He runs fast (adverb) – He’s a fast runner. (adjective)
  • He studies hard. (adverb) – It’s a hard life. (adjective)

Adverb untuk “good” adalah “well“. Contoh:

  • She’s a good pianist.
  • She plays the piano well.

Adverb juga bisa mengubah adjective dan adverb-adverb lainnya. Contoh:

  • That’s a good book.
  • That’s a very good book.
  • She’s a talented girl.
  • She’s an incredibly talented girl.
  • You’re right!
  • You’re absolutely right!
  1. verb (kata kerja)
    – he is working hard = ia bekerja keras
    – the train run quickly  =  kereta api cepat larinya
    – she spaks loudly      = ia berbicara keras

    penjelasan

    hard        menerangkan  working

    quickly    menerangkan  runs

    loudly     menerangkan   speaks

 

Latihan Soal :

1.I feel…

a. unhappy

b.Unhappily

 

2. I will get the car …………………

a. ready

b. readily

 

3. She is too ……………….. a person to refuse.

a. polite

b.politely

 

4. We will have to think …………………

a.quick

b. quickly

5. She danced …………………….. into the room.

a. happy

b. happily

 

6. She sang …………………

a.bad

b.badly

 

7. I remember him very ……………………

a. good

b. well

 

8. Cyanide is a …………………… poison.

a.dead

b. deadly

 

9. This steak is very ………………….. cooked.

a. bad

b. badly

 

10. He was ……………………. in love with her

a.mad

b. madly

 

Jawaban :

  1. A
  2. A
  3. A
  4. B
  5. B
  6. B
  7. B
  8. B
  9. B
  10. B

 

Referensi :

http://englishonline.blogdetik.com/2009/08/12/adjective-dan-adverb-kata-sifat-dan-kata%20keterangan/

http://andrianisyafa.blogspot.com/2011/02/perbedaan-antara-adjective-dan-adverb.html

http://inggrisku.net/2015/01/soal-latihan-adjectiveadverb-1/#.VVH9VVeWrIU

 

Iklan
Categories: Uncategorized | Tinggalkan komentar

Navigasi pos

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout /  Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout /  Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout /  Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout /  Ubah )

Connecting to %s

Buat situs web atau blog gratis di WordPress.com.

%d blogger menyukai ini: