Passive Voice

Pengertian Passive Voice

Passive voice adalah suatu grammatical construction (bentuk gramatikal) dimana subject kalimat tidak melakukan aksi, melainkan menerima aksi atau ditindaklanjuti (receiver of action) oleh agent lain (doer of action) baik disebutkan ataupun tidak.  Sebaliknya, pada konstruksi active, subject berhubungan langsung dengan verb dengan bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi. Kalimat aktif dapat ditransformasi menjadi pasif, namun hanya transitive verb (diikuti direct object) yang dapat diberlakukan demikian.

Rumus Passive Voice

Rumus passive voice adalah sebagai berikut di bawah ini.

Catatan:

  • Auxiliary verb dapat berupa primary auxiliary verb be (is, are, am, was, were, be, been, being), kombinasi antara dua primary (is/are being, was/were being, has/have been) atau antara primary dan modal auxiliary verb (will be, will have been).
  • Past participle yang digunakan berupa kata kerja transitive.

Contoh: She can’t drive a car. (active voice, transitive), He always come on time. (active voice, intransitive)

Contoh: play (base form) —> played (past participle), sing (base form) —> sung (past participle)

Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice pada Auxiliary Verb be:

Komponen Contoh Kalimat Passive Voice
Subject be PP
I am paid I am paid in dollars.
(Saya dibayar dalam dollar.)
the red velvet recipe is used The red velvet recipe is used by many people.
(Resep red velvet tsb digunakan oleh banyak orang.)
all of my shoes are washed All of my shoes are washed every month.
(Semua sepatu saya dicuci setiap bulan.)
large amounts of meat and milk are consumed Large amounts of meat and milk are consumed by many people in the countries.
(Sejumlah besar daging dan susu dikonsumsi oleh banyak orang di negara-negara tsb.)
the book was edited The book was edited by Beatrice Sparks.
(Buku tsb disunting oleh Beatrice Sparks.)
the books were edited The books were edited by Beatrice Sparks.
(Buku-buku tsb disunting oleh Beatrice Sparks.)

Pengecualian pada Transitive Verbs

Tidak semua transitive verb, kata kerja yang memiliki direct object, dapat dipasifkan. Beberapa kata kerja tersebut yang antara lain: have, become, lack, look like, mean, dll akan terdengar tidak wajar maknanya ketika dipasifkan. Beberapa contoh kalimat dari kata kerja tersebut adalah sebagai berikut.

Contoh:

  • I have a great new idea. —> tidak dapat dipasifkan dengan: A great new idea is had by me.
  • The snack contains aspartame. —> tidak dapat dipasifkan dengan: Aspartame is contained by the snack.

Latihan Soal :

  1. The window _____ by the carpenter when you came.
  2. Is being repaired
    b. Was being repaired
  3. The computer _____ by that guy.
  4. Has been sold
    b. Has been being sold
  5. She can’t be _____ by this gun.
  6. stop
    b. stopped
  7. Ubah ke passive voice – He will change the answer.
  8. The answer will be changed by him
    b. The answer would be changed by him
  9. I knew when the room _____.
  10. Was being cleaned
    b. Is being cleaned
  11. Ubah ke passive voice – I have taken the salt.
  12. The salt has been taken by me
    b. The salt have been taken by me
  13. The books _____ by Mr. Suherman last week.
  14. Was bought
    b. Is bought
  15. He is _____ by the principal now.
  16. Being punished
    b. Been punished
  17. The next year examination _____ perfectly.
  18. would be passed
    b. should be passed
  19. Ubah ke passive voice – He took the medicine.
  20. The medicine is taken by him
    b. The medicine was taken by him

 

 

Jawaban:

  1. b
    2. a
    3. b
    4. a
    5. a
    6. a
    7. a
    8. a
    9. b
    10. b

Referesi :

http://www.caramudahbelajarbahasainggris.net/2014/04/10-soal-bahasa-inggris-tentang-passive-voice-dan-jawaban.html

http://www.wordsmile.com/pengertian-rumus-contoh-kalimat-passive-voice

 

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